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USPIRG Toy Safety 2002

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USPIRG Toy Safety 2002Edit

Every year, the USPIRG puts out a list of hazardous toys. Below is the information for 2002, as well as links to the official site.

USPIRG Toy Safety 2002


Potential Choking Hazards

Standards: Under the Child Safety Protection Act (CSPA) and Consumer Product Safety Commission rules:

  • Toys that have play value for children under three—i.e., have soft, rounded edges, simple construction, and bright primary colors—are banned if they contain small parts or break into pieces that are small parts.
  • Toys intended for children between the ages of three and six years old that contain small parts must include an explicit choke hazard warning.
  • Any small ball or toy that contains a small ball must meet a stricter safety test and include an explicit choke hazard warning.
  • Any marble intended for children older than three must include an explicit choke hazard warning.
  • All balloons must include a warning about the dangers of uninflated or broken balloons to children younger than 8 years of age.
Examples of Toys that Pose Potential Choking Hazards
Toys for Children Under 3 Containing Small Parts:

Toys that have play value for children under three—i.e., have soft, rounded edges, simple construction, and bright primary colors—are banned if they contain small parts or break into pieces that are small parts.

  • Toy Name: Plastic rattles
  • Category: May violate CSPA ban on small parts for toys intended for children under 3 years.
  • Manufacturer: Unknown
  • Item Number: Unknown
  • Problem: Has play value for child under 3. The metal balls in the bells dislodge and are small parts. The toy is *labeled with a choke hazard warning.
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  • Toy Name: Animal Pal Books (My Goldfish Wish, My Pretty Kitten, My Puppy Playtime, My Baby Elephant, This Little Piggy, Itsy Bitsy Spider, Cuddles the Cow, Teddy Bear, Teddy Bear)
  • Category: May violate CSPA ban on small parts for toys intended for children under 3 years.
  • Manufacturer: Playmore Inc. Publishers
  • Item Number: UPC 70097 00215
  • Problem: Has play value for child under 3. The foam velcro tab rips off easily and is a small part. The book is labeled with a choke hazard warning.
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  • Toy Name: Animal Pal Books (My Goldfish Wish, My Pretty Kitten, My Puppy Playtime, My Baby Elephant, This Little Piggy, Itsy Bitsy Spider, Cuddles the Cow, Teddy Bear, Teddy Bear)
  • Category: May violate CSPA ban on small parts for toys intended for children under 3 years.
  • Manufacturer: Playmore Inc. Publishers
  • Item Number: UPC 70097 00215
  • Problem: Has play value for child under 3. The foam velcro tab rips off easily and is a small part. The book is labeled with a choke hazard warning.
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  • Toy Name: Finger Paint with Finger Tools
  • Category: May violate CSPA ban on small parts for toys intended for children under 3 years.
  • Manufacturer: Greenbrier International
  • Item Number: 831935
  • Problem: Has play value for child under 3. The toy contains small parts that fit in the choke tube and is labeled with a choke hazard warning.
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  • Toy Name: Triplets (Baby Dolls with Pacifiers)
  • Category: May violate CSPA ban on small parts for toys intended for children under 3 years.
  • Manufacturer: Cititoy Inc.
  • Item Number: 74351
  • Problem: The pacifiers fit in the choke tube and are attached to the dolls by a few threads; may fail "use and abuse" test. The toy is age-labeled for ages 2+ and does not have a choke hazard warning.
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  • Toy Name: Triplets (Baby Dolls with Pacifiers)
  • Category: May violate CSPA ban on small parts for toys intended for children under 3 years.
  • Manufacturer: Cititoy Inc.
  • Item Number: 74351
  • Problem: The pacifiers fit in the choke tube and are attached to the dolls by a few threads; may fail "use and abuse" test. The toy is age-labeled for ages 2+ and does not have a choke hazard warning.
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Toys that May Not Meet CSPA Labeling Requirements
Toys intended for children between the ages of three and six years old that contain small parts must include an explicit choke hazard warning. Any small ball or toy that contains a small ball must meet a stricter safety test and include an explicit choke hazard warning. Any marble intended for children older than three must include an explicit choke hazard warning.

Toy Name: Assorted small balls Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: Assorted Item Number: Assorted Problem: Small balls with a diameter under 1.75 inches fail the small ball test and are often sold in bins without the CSPA choke hazard warning displayed.

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Toy Name: Hot Wheels Rev-Ups Speed Shifters Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: Mattel Item Number: Asst H2872 Problem: The rubber tires pop off easily and fit in the choke tube. The toy has play value for a child under 6. Packaging includes a non-statutory choke hazard warning (“Small parts may be generated”).

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Toy Name: Bob the Builder Portable Die-Cast Vehicle (Dizzy the Mixer) Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: RC2 Brands Inc. Item Number: 65101 Problem: Plastic cement detaches from mixer and fits in the choke tube. The toy has play value for a child under 6. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Strawberry Shortcake Fuzzy Poster Art Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: Rose Art Industries Item Number: C7851 Problem: Marker caps fit in the choke tube and has play value for a child under 6. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Lisa Frank Posh Velvet Book to Color Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: Dalmation Press Item Number: ISBN 1403717273 Problem: Marker caps fit in the choke tube and has play value for a child under 6. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Power Rangers DinoWarriors Marker Activity Book to Color Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: Dalmation Press Item Number: ISBN 140371729X Problem: Marker cap fits in the choke tube and has play value for a child under 6. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Mini Rock ‘em Sock ‘em Robots Party Favors Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: Tara Toy Corp. Item Number: 55785 Problem: Parts of toy break off easily into small parts that fit in the choke tube. The toy has play value for a child under 6. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Playtime Babies 30 pc. Baby Doll Care Set Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: Gigo Toys Factory Ltd Item Number: 69928 Problem: Rounded blue top on "Baby Oil" fails small ball test; plastic cap on "baby wipes" breaks off easily and fits in choke tube. The toy has play value for a child under 6. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Hello Kitty Party Favors (8 Lipsticks) Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: Amscan/Sanrio Item Number: 398245 Problem: Lipsticks fit in the choke tube and have play value for a child under 6. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Claire's Club Lip Gloss Rings (7 in a pack) Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: CBI Distributing Corp. Item Number: 22058-2 Problem: Rings fit in the choke tube and have play value for a child under 6. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Claire's Cosmetics 7 Pack Lip Gloss Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: CBI Distributing Corp. Item Number: 14992-2 Problem: Animal heads on top of lip gloss tubes twist off and fit in the choke tube. Product has play value for a child under 6. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Fisher Price Loving Family Laundry Room Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: Mattel/Fisher Price Item Number: H7216 Problem: Toy bears on strings fit in the choke tube. Toy has play value for a child under 6. Packaging includes a non-statutory choke hazard warning (“Small parts may be generated”).

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Toy Name: Sunny 102 Marbles Category: Potential CSPA labeling violation Manufacturer: Unknown Item Number: UPC 892096 279035 Problem: Toy contains marbles but is not labeled with the required choke hazard warning.

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Toys that Contain Near Small Parts
These products contain small parts that almost fit in the choke test tube. Although these small parts do not violate the letter of the law, these parts could block a child’s airway given their shape and size.

Toy Name: You & Me Baby in Car Seat/Carrier Category: Near Small Parts Manufacturer: Geoffrey, Inc. Item Number: 53007 Problem: Baby bottle top almost fits in the choke tube. A child is likely to put this in his/her mouth. Age-labeled for ages 2 and up. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Wiggly Water Babies Feeding Time Baby Category: Near Small Parts Manufacturer: Playmates Toys Item Number: 12502 Problem: Baby bottle nipple pops out and almost fits in the choke tube. Age-labeled for ages 18 months and up. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Thomas & Friends Sodor Sawmill Playset Category: Near Small Parts Manufacturer: RC2 Brands Inc. Item Number: LC76503 Problem: Log halves almost fit in the choke tube. The toy has play value for a child under 6. No choke hazard warning.

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Toy Name: Tonka Outdoor Adventures Category: Near Small Parts Manufacturer: Hasbro/Funrise Toy Corp. Item Number: 4050 Problem: Red and green pieces almost fit in the choke tube. The toy has play value for a child under 6. No choke hazard warning.

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Balloons
All balloons must include a warning about the dangers of uninflated or broken balloons to children younger than 8 years of age.

Toy Name: 1st Birthday Girl/1st Birthday Boy/Happy 1st Birthday Balloons Category: Balloons Manufacturer: Amscan Item Number: 111012 (Girl), 111016 (Boy), 117016 & 117017 (Happy 1st) Problem: Children under 8 years can choke or suffocate on uninflated or broken balloons. The product includes the statutory choke hazard warning, but these balloons are intended for use by children under 8 years old.

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Toy Name: Thomas & Friends Balloons Category: Balloons Manufacturer: Pioneer National Latex Item Number: UPC 75060 01065 Problem: Children under 8 years can choke or suffocate on uninflated or broken balloons. The toy has the proper balloon warning but depicts characters (Thomas & Friends, Bob the Builder, Disney, etc.) marketed to children under 8.

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Potential Strangulation Hazards:

Standards:

  • Cords and elastics included with or attached to toys intended for children younger than 18 months (excluding pull toys) should be less than 12 inches long. If the cords/elastics can tangle or form a loop, or both, in connection with any part of the toy, including beads or other attachments on the ends of cords/elastics, the perimeter of the loop should be less than 14 inches.
  • For pull toys intended for children under 36 months of age, cords and elastics over 12 inches long should not have beads or other attachments that could tangle to form a loop.
Examples of Toys that Pose Potential Strangulation Hazards

Toy Name: Water Yo-Yo Ball Category: Strangulation Manufacturer: Assorted Item Number: Assorted Problem: The stretchy cord of the toy can wrap around a child’s neck when the child swings the toy overhead like a lasso.

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Toy Name: Flashing Jellyfish, Flashing Noodle Yo-Yo Category: Strangulation/Choking Manufacturer: Assorted Item Number: Assorted Problem: The stretchy cord of the toy can wrap around a child’s neck when the child swings the toy overhead like a lasso. In addition, according to Consumer Reports, the batteries easily tear through the squishy material. A child swallowing the battery could choke, and a battery could eat away at the esophagus or stomach lining. Some provide a warning label for children under 3, but many do not.

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Toy Name: Bungee-Roos (assorted animals) Category: Strangulation Manufacturer: Ganz Item Number: Assorted Problem: Cord is more than 12 inches long and contains a toggle on the end, posing a strangulation hazard. Has play value for children under 3.

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Toy Name: Bungee-Roos (assorted animals) Category: Strangulation Manufacturer: Ganz Item Number: Assorted Problem: Cord is more than 12 inches long and contains a toggle on the end, posing a strangulation hazard. Has play value for children under 3.

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Excessively Loud Toys:

Standards: In November 2003, American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) finalized acoustics standards for toys that include the following:

  • Hand-held, table-top, floor, and crib toys: Toys in this classification shall not produce continuous sound with an equivalent sound pressure level that exceeds 90 dB when measured from a distance of 25 centimeters.
  • Close-to-the-ear toys: Toys in this classification shall not produce continuous sound with an equivalent sound pressure level that exceeds 70 dB when measured from a distance of 25 centimeters.
  • All toys with impact-type impulsive sounds: Toys shall not produce an impact-type peak sound pressure level in excess of 120 dB when measured from a distance of 25 centimeters. This requirement also applies to all recorded impulsive sounds, such as those produced by video games, regardless of what was recorded (explosion or impact).
  • All toys with explosive-type impulsive sounds except percussion caps: Toys shall not produce an explosive-type peak sound pressure level in excess of 138 dB when measured from a distance of 25 centimeters.
Examples of Excessively Loud Toys

Toy Name: Elite Operations Quantum Blast Set Category: Excessively loud toys Manufacturer: Geoffrey, Inc. Item Number: 38267 Maximum Decibel Measurement: 25 cm: 95 10 cm: 97 1 cm: 103 Problem: Should not exceed 90 dB when measured at 25 cm. Prolonged exposure to noise above 85 decibels can cause hearing loss.

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Toy Name: Road Rippers SSR Concept Category: Excessively loud toys Manufacturer: Toy State Industrial Ltd Item Number: 33564 Maximum Decibel Measurement: 25 cm: 92 10 cm: 97 1 cm: 105 Problem: Should not exceed 90 dB when measured at 25 cm. Prolonged exposure to noise above 85 decibels can cause hearing loss.

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Toy Name: Road Rippers PT Cruiser Category: Excessively loud toys Manufacturer: Toy State Industrial Ltd Item Number: 3365 Maximum Decibel Measurement: 25 cm: 95 10 cm: 99 1 cm: 102 Problem: Should not exceed 90 dB when measured at 25 cm. Prolonged exposure to noise above 85 decibels can cause hearing loss.

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Toy Name: Electronic Robo Tendor Category: Excessively loud toys Manufacturer: Hilco Corporation Item Number: 2225 Maximum Decibel Measurement: 25 cm: 92 10 cm: 97 1 cm: 99 Problem: Should not exceed 90 dB when measured at 25 cm. Prolonged exposure to noise above 85 decibels can cause hearing loss.

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Toy Name: KidConnection Electronic Guitar Category: Excessively loud toys Manufacturer: Wal-Mart Stores Item Number: 45465 Maximum Decibel Measurement: 25 cm: 95 (at full volume) 10 cm: 102 (at full volume) 1 cm: 117 (at full volume) Problem: Should not exceed 90 dB when measured at 25 cm. Prolonged exposure to noise above 85 decibels can cause hearing loss.

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Potentially Toxic Toys:

Standards:

  • Toys or materials used in toys must conform to the Federal Hazardous Substances Act.
  • Play cosmetics—cosmetics intended for children under 14—must conform to the requirements of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act.
  • The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has issued guidance to manufacturers, retailers, and distributors about children’s products containing liquid chemicals. This guidance states that in order to reduce the risk of exposure to hazardous chemicals, such as mercury, ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, methanol, methylene chloride, petroleum distillates, toluene, xylene, and related chemicals, manufacturers should eliminate the use of such chemicals in children's products.
Examples of Potentially Toxic Toys

Toy Name: Gloworm Category: Contains potentially toxic chemicals Manufacturer: Hasbro Item Number: 06552 Problem: According to PIRG-commissioned lab tests, the soft plastic face contains three types of phthalates (DEHP, DBP, and DNOP).

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Toy Name: AquaDuck Water Filled Playmat Category: Contains potentially toxic chemicals Manufacturer: Infantino Item Number: 150-2063 Problem: According to PIRG-commissioned lab tests, the soft plastic contains two types of phthalates (DEHP and DEP).

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Toy Name: Claire's Cosmetics Nail Polish Category: Contains potentially toxic chemicals Manufacturer: CBI Distributing Item Number: 43229-4, 75245-1 (and other assorted colors) Problem: Claire’s brand nail polish often contains dibutyl phthalate or xylene (according to product labels).

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Toy Name: Expressions Makeup 5 Piece Nail Polish Set Category: Contains potentially toxic chemicals Manufacturer: Almar Sales Item Number: 467333 Problem: Nail polish contains xylene (according to the product label).

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Toy Name: Manicure Set Category: Contains potentially toxic chemicals Manufacturer: Greenbrier International Item Number: 838713 Problem: Nail polish contains dibutyl phthalate (according to the product label).

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Toy Name: Disney Cuties Tipz 'Ta Toez Polish Set Category: Contains potentially toxic chemicals Manufacturer: Added Extras LLC Item Number: 89444 Problem: Nail polish contains toluene (according to the product label).

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Toy Name: Disney Princess Lip Pot & Mini Nail Collection Category: Contains potentially toxic chemicals Manufacturer: boom! LLC/Disney Item Number: 12459-4 Problem: Nail polish contains xylene (according to the product label).

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Toy Name: Limited Too Disco Time Makeup Kit Category: Contains potentially toxic chemicals Manufacturer: Too Brands, Inc. Item Number: 55034076 Problem: Nail polish contains xylene (according to the product label).

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See U.S. PIRG Education Fund, The Right Start: The Need to Eliminate Toxic Chemicals from Baby Products, October 2005, available at www.safefromtoxics.org. Testing conducted by Stat Analysis Corporation in Chicago, Illinois in June 2005. Stat Analysis followed standard procedures, using EPA Method 8060 for phthalate extraction and EPA Method 3580A for waste dilution. A detailed methodology is available upon request.

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